José Castro Caldas is an economist, holds a PhD in Economics from ISCTE, a Master in Mathematics Applied to Economics and Management from ISEG where he graduated in Economics. He has been an assistant professor in the Department of Economics at ISCTE-IUL and Researcher at the Center for Social Studies at the University of Coimbra. He is currently a researcher at CoLABOR where he integrates the line of research on work and employment.